The Sainte-Victoire Mountain in the east of Aix-en-Provence in southern France became one of Cézanne's last subject. In his early paintings, Cézanne used the mountain as a boundary of a large plain. When he returned to this topic in the 1900s, the mountain became the essential element of painting.
Cézanne tried to analyze the geometry and vegetation that lies beneath the rocks in order to treat nature with cylindrical, sphere and cone shapes unlike the impressionists who focused on the effect of light and landscape. Cézanne painted over sixty pictures of the mountain in different perspectives.
The Railway Cutting, c. 1870, Neue Pinakothek, Munich, Germany.
Mont Sainte-Victoire and the Viaduct of the Arc River Valley, 1882-1885, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, US.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1882-1885, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, Russia.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1886-1887, The Philips Collection, Washington, US.
Mont Sainte-Victoire with Large Pine, c. 1887, Courtauld Gallery, London, UK.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, c. 1887, National Gallery of Art, Washington, US.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, c. 1888, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1890, Musée d’Orsay, Paris, France.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1890-1895, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1892-1895, Barnes Foundation, Philadelphia, US.
Mont Sainte-Victoire Seen from the Bibémus Quarry, c. 1897, The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, US.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, c. 1897-1898, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1902-1904, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, US.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1902-1906, The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, ABD.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, c. 1902-1906, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, US.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, c. 1904, The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, US.
Mont Sainte-Victoire and Château Noir, 1904-1906, Bridgestone Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1904-1906, Princeton University Art Museum, New Jersey, US.
View of Mount Sainte-Victoire from Les Lauves, 1904-1906, Kunstmuseum, Basel, Switzerland.
Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1904-1906, Detroit Institute of Arts Museum, Michigan, US.
Farthing, S., (2014). Sanatın Tüm Öyküsü, İkinci Baskı, Hayalperest Yayınevi, İstanbul.
Nonhoff, N., (2005). Cézanne, Literatür Yayıncılık, İstanbul.